From mammals different types of steppe rodents (gophers, voles, a hamster and hamsters, and feeding on them a fox,, a steppe polecat are quite usual: the muskrat lives in reeds. On Santas in the past the steppe viper and a sand lizard were numerous, on coast ears, a runner figured, in the lake and on the rivers flowing into it – a marsh turtle, a row amphibious – a lake frog, a green toad, the spadefoot and others meet.
The internal barred basin shares on pools with the system of the rivers flowing into large lakes. The biggest of these lakes - Caspian. The rivers flowing into the small lakes, the rivers which are lost in sand, and also temporary water streams also belong to the internal pool.
Natural and recreational requirements are an objective and are defined by the level of expenses of physical and energy in the course of activity of the person, in turn, during a production activity.
Modern increase of water level in the sea is explained by climatic conditions. It for 45% is connected with a drain of the rivers, for 16% - with loss of rainfall on its surface, for 25% - with reduction of size of evaporation from a surface of the sea and for 14% - with restriction of intake of sea water to the gulf Kara-Bogaz-Gol.
Having approached alone standing tree, it is possible to notice two artificially created tiny reservoir, a thicket of a cane and mint. In a grotto the twilight, magnificent vegetation. From rocks water drops act. They as tears fall down. Hundreds sparkling transparent glass streams as if a silver curtain of fantastic theater, ring, making the unique sounds merging in the bewitching melody.
Already simple transfer of animals on Mangyshlak speaks about that, the natural world of the peninsula is how unique and various. Many, lead a nocturnalism, often fall into summer hibernation. Certain representatives of this world long time do without water, receiving moisture from the eaten food.
The Attraktivnost of natural monuments of the Western Kazakhstan is not less important. This region is rich with picturesque various and most interesting landscapes. In the landscapes differing in uniformity of an environment favorable opportunities of the comprehensive accounting of difficult natural interrelations, anticipation direct and indirect a consequence of anthropogenous impact on the ecological environment open.
The solyankovy vegetation - a petrosimoniya three-staminate, an orach Tatar, sandy, solyanka natronny, plague and oblistvenny, Paulsen's solyanka, etc. is most widespread. Quite often among solyankas ephemeral plants - for example, east, the klopovnik pierced a deskuranniya of Sofia develop. Less often bushes meet (Shober's selitryanka, a grebenshchik multiflowered).
In gorges of a plateau of Ustyurt natural plantings desert a poplar - a turanga alternate-leaved meet. Very difficult is to plants in the desert, for centuries they adapted to peculiar conditions of the environment. But look narrowly at the desert in the spring. As its nature is unusual and many-sided. As it is beautiful in an originality of appearances.
In the CIS countries such mode of the rivers is called the Kazakhstan type. The lowest water level happens in the summer. Some rivers absolutely dry up. After autumn rains water level in peke increases a little, and in the winter again goes down.
The lake is characterized by rather small depths, in windy weather entirely covered with waves with white poltergeists, noise of a surf it reminds the real sea, it is especially notable at the coast. Light-salted waters of the lake with their rich forage, create fine conditions for reproduction of fishes and a natatorial game therefore it long since was a recognized place for fishing and hunting.
In the territory of Kazakhstan 85 thousand big and small rivers are. The large and deepest river of the Western - the Urals with inflows the Shouting, Ilek, Shyngyrlau, Barbastau, Solyanka and Shagan. Are less considerable - Emba, Sagyz, Oyyl, Irgiz, Big and Small Ozeni, Shyzha the First, Shyzha and Dyura.
But the particular interest in tourists, of course, is caused by Ural River. On the extent (2428 km) is the third river in Europe after Volga and Danube. It is a powerful waterway crosses Caspian Depression from the North on the South and is part of geographical boundary between Europe and Asia.